Reader's Encyclopedia

Adam and Eve

The first man and woman, according to the Old Testament. The initial chapters of Genesis tell the story of their creation, their sin in eating the forbidden fruit from "the tree of knowledge of good and evil" (Gen. 3:9), and their expulsion from Paradise, or the Garden of Eden, to thereafter "till the ground." Milton retells the story of "man's first disobedience" in Paradise Lost (1667). See Lilith.

the old Adam; the offending Adam Adam, as the head of unredeemed man, stands for "original sin," or "man without regenerating grace."

the second Adam; the new Adam Jesus Christ is so called.

Adam's ale Water, because the first man had nothing else to drink; in Scotland, it is sometimes called Adam's wine.

Adam's apple The protuberance in the forepart of the throat, the anterior extremity of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx; so called from the legend that a piece of the forbidden fruit stuck in Adam's throat.

Adam's Peak A mountain in Ceylon where, according to Muslim legend, Adam bewailed his expulsion from Paradise, standing on one foot for two hundred years to expiate his crime; Gabriel then took him to Mount Arafat, where he found Eve.

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