Reader's Encyclopedia

Bernard of Clairvaux, St. (1090 - 1153)

French ecclesiastic. In 1113 Bernard entered the Cistercian abbey of Citeaux; two years later, he became the founder and abbot of a new Cistercian monastery at Clairvaux, a post he held until his death. His fame as a preacher soon spread, bringing crowds of pilgrims to Clairvaux, but Bernard refused all offers of ecclesiastical preferment. Nevertheless, his importance and prestige grew rapidly: through his work, the Cistercians became the greatest order in western Christendom, and he himself the greatest influence, at first in France and later throughout western Europe. He was instrumental in the success of Pope Innocent II 's cause over the claims of the antipope, Cardinal Peter of Leon. In 1141 he secured an official condemnation of Pierre Abelard's works at the Council of Sens. In 1146 he summoned the people to join in a crusade, in the name of Pope Eugenius II, and Louis VII of France, with many others, was moved to organize the Second Crusade. He was canonized in 1173.

0111011000100101001010011010010011101011010011011110101100000000011110010000101110001110001010011000111000011111101101101111111000
0110010101001011110010011110110011101100111111111001000100010000000010011000101101111001000100101010101101100011010101000111100111
1111100101011010101000010000100011010011010110100111011110011011111001101011000010100010111111011100001001010010101011011101010011
1000011111010100010011110001111010101110110000000010100110001011000101100010100110111001111101011101110000101111000001101101000000
0011000100101101111000001010011101001110010100010011100011111010110101100100111001111100000111011001011001001101101111011001000001
0101110010011100011000100010110111110000111101011000101101110000001110101001101010111100010101111000001000010101100010110001011111
1100110010100010001100110111011101110101111101010001001100100011111111000100100001101011000101000110100011011101100000000101011001
0110011110100111010100011001001011001111100101100111101000010000111000110110000010100000001011000110001110100110011010111010001001
1000100001100001011011100000010001111100100001011110100000111010000111001010010000100000000100110010011000010111011010001011010010
0100101000000010100011110000111011101110111010100111110111001111011101101001110110111111110111001000100110100111000110101000001111
0101010011010001001101001111001101010000001001111001111100000111101011100110011111110111110101101000001001001100100101101001100110
0011111100111011100100011101001100110011100011101001010111001001101110010111110010100101000101010110011110000001010011100111001010
0110100111100000110100101101110101010110100101011000011101111110110101010011101110000110101101110110000011010000110101011111111110
0111001010100010011110000011111001010011001110011000110110101111001100010010101100111111000000111100011001100010011110100000000110