Reader's Encyclopedia

Romains, Jules (pen name of Louis Farigoule, 1885 - 1972)

French novelist, dramatist, essayist, and poet. Romains was a leading exponent of unanimism in such early poetry as La Vie unanime (1908) and in the novels Mort de quelqu 'un (1911; translated as The Death of a Nobody, 1914) and Les Copains (1913; translated as The Boys in the Back Room, 1937). He defined his belief in the collective spirit of groups in Manuel de d eification (1910) and celebrated the soul of the city (one such group) in the prose poems Puissances de Paris (1911) and in the verse plays L'Armee dans la ville (1911) and Cromedeyre-le-Vieil (1920). His greatest achievement, which led to his election to the Academie francaise in 1946, was the twenty - seven - novel cycle Les Hommes de bonne volonte (1932 - 46; translated as Men of Good Will, 1933 - 48), chronicling aspects of French life between 1908 and 1933. Subsequent works included Examen de conscience des francais (1954; translated as A Frenchman Examines His Conscience, 1956) and Situation de la terre (1961; translated as As It Is on Earth, 1962). Ai-je fait ce que j'ai voulu? (1964) and Amities et rencontres (1970) are autobiographical works. Collections of his correspondence with his literary colleagues Gide (1976) and Copeau (1978) appeared posthumously.

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